Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
What is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
ITP is a blood disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood. Platelets are cells in the blood that help stop bleeding. A decrease in platelets can result in easy bruising, bleeding gums, and internal bleeding.
* "Idiopathic" means the cause is unknown.
* "Thrombocytopenia" means a decreased number of platelets in the blood.
* "Purpura" refers to the purple discoloring of the skin, as with a bruise.
What causes idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura?
Idiopathic means no known cause. However, when a cause can be identified, it may be a result of the following:
* medications (including over-the-counter medications)
* immune disorders
Treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura:
Specific treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura will be determined by your physician based on:
* your age, overall health, and medical history
* extent of the disease
* your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
* expectations for the course of the disease
* your opinion or preference